Test Format & Components -
the Psychometric Entrance Test


Critical Reading and Inference Questions

example 3 - critical reading and inference

These include various types of questions: comprehension of short texts, inference (drawing a conclusion from the text, identifying which statement weakens a conclusion drawn in the text, and so forth), sentence completions and more.

Critical reading and inference questions examine the ability to read and understand complex material, to understand a statement’s internal logic, to understand and apply principles of logic, to compare different ideas and situations and to draw valid conclusions.

These questions are based on texts from a variety of sources, both academic and non-academic, and vary in style. In general, comprehension and inference questions are closely tied to types of thinking required in various disciplines. For example, the ability to comprehend complex claims, locate contradictions within them, or draw conclusions from them is needed in fields such as law, economics, psychology and international relations. Sentence completion questions assess comprehension at the sentence level, which is the basis for reading comprehension. Most sentence completion questions focus on the ability to understand the function of prepositions in the sentence and the relationship of various syntactic elements. These skills are the basis for understanding complex texts which are often encountered in academic studies.

More information about comprehension and inference questions can be found here: critical reading and inference questions in examples and explanations.


Text Comprehension Questions

example 4 - text comprehension

Reading comprehension questions assess the ability to comprehend texts in a variety of fields: psychology, biology, history, philosophy and others. The questions focus on understanding the content and making connections between the ideas and arguments presented. These skills are based not only on vocabulary but also on the ability to understand the meaning of words in context, extract relevant information from the text, understand the syntactic relations between parts of the text (for example, by understanding the functions of conjunctions and prepositions) and make logical connections between pieces of information appearing in different parts of the text. The abilities tested by this type of question are needed to understand and analyze textbook material and academic articles.

More information about reading comprehension questions can be found here: text comprehension questions in examples and explanations.


Why other abilities are not assessed in the Verbal Reasoning sections

There are many different skills associated with verbal reasoning, not all of which are assessed in the Verbal Reasoning section of the test. Certain skills, such as spelling, are not tested, because they are not the most relevant to academic studies; others, such as listening comprehension, are not tested, because they are difficult to assess.